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/// Big Fun in the Internet with Uncle Bert
    By Jeremy Smith

      Yer luvin' Uncle Bert stumbles through the gateway, scurries across
     the 'Internet land, eyes agog, then has Big Fun in the nether regions.

    [These are all ftp, telnet and email sites all over the world that have
    all kinds of neat resources available.  At the end of this file are the
                     info, about, and usage notes.]

                                General Fun
=== freenet            (free internet account, email, USA Today Headline News)  login: newuser (The Once & Future M-Net) (& ftp)    login: new (Cleveland Freenet)  login: new        (Nyx, The Spirit of the Night) login: guest (The National Capital Freenet)    login: visitor             (Youngstown Free-Net)   (Information service including lyrics database)     login: bbs                    (discussions)   pub/docs/about-the-net/cwis/cwis-l    (Freenets)

=== Coke Machines & fortune cookies finger   bargraph coke & finger finger message: send quote (or moral-support) finger 12345 telnet                  (fortune cookie) 12345 telnet                   (fortune cookie) finger                      (Trek cookie) finger 7777 finger           (Unleavened cookie)

=== IRC                           (Internet Relay Chat p CB radio, IRC access)     login: irc

=== Internet Talk Radio message: <anything>

                             General Reference
=== WorldWindow                    (window on the net(world))

=== hytelnet           (hyper-telnet: like this list on hypercard - must see!)   login: hytelnet     hytelnet/pc/HYTELN.ZIP /mirrors/msdos/hypertext/

=== Geography                   (US Geological Survey Maps) 3000 (returns long/lat of town, zip... )

=== NBS Time 13 telnet                       (exact time)
(202) 652-1079 1200e71    (sunrise, sunset, moonrise, satellite transit, UCT )

=== Weather                                         (National Weather Service)  login (Which Host?): um-weather   (forecasts) 3000  login: um-weather       (forecasts) wx/*.gif  (hourly satellite weather photos-US) images/gifs/[norden|uk|world].[vis|ir].gif pub/weather/   (Europe, Scandinavia, UK, World) JCUMetSat/*last JCUMetSat/utilities/*(Aussie)
(301) 899-1214 2400n81   login: NWS password: TEMPPASS

=== Earthquakes  finger pub/seis-net/README

=== Solar Flares finger                        (latest daily 10cm solar flux)

=== Religious Studies   pub/religion/electric-mystics-guide.txt

=== Harris Polls, USA Today Polls, Atlanta Journals, Carolina Polls login: irss1 password: irss

=== Philosophy login: apa (American Philosophical Assoc. APA)

=== Dictionary login: webster 621  (accessible by uiuc & uic only  Webster's) 70 gopher  (dictionary, computing, acronyms) wordlists (Aussie Chinese comp.. Swedish Yiddish) dictionaries/words.* (German French Dutch Italian )

=== Encyclopaedia (I'm still looking :-()

=== Math                             (Interactive Math algorithm bibliography)    login: walk login: e-math pwd: e-math (American Math Society)
  login: math1 passwd: math1 operatorID: math1IMD

=== Statistics login: statlib (datasets, xlibstat, Splus, SAS)

=== Chemistry 2034 telnet         ( graphic periodic table)
     UMinnesota gopher gopher/libraries/reference/periodic table

=== Physics telnet login: pdg_public    (sub-atomic particles)

=== Complexity login:bbs pub/(Santa Fe Institute)

=== History   pub/history telnet       (interactive history database) pub/docs/history login: ihr-uk passwd: ihr-uk (history database)

=== Chess                                     ( pub/chess/uploads (Internet Chess Server) 5000                      (interactive play/watch) 5000                (interactive play/watch)

=== FDA bulletin board                  (consumer info & news releases of FDA) login: bbs

=== PEN pages                                  (Agricultural and weather data) login: PNOTPA

=== Space                   (NASA news, shuttle schedules & satellite updates) telnet finger             (NASA headline news) login: lpi   (geology, geophysics, astronomy) login: ned  (NASA Extragalactic Database) login: nodis   (Space Science Data Center) login: nodis  (Space Science Data Center)  login: nndc          (Nuclear Data Center)

=== Gateways (How to email between any network:Compuserve Fido Genie Internet)  pub/
posted monthly on Usenet:comp.mail.misc
     pub/bigfun/gateways.{txt|wp6|ps} gateway.txt               (decwrl: ftp by email)

=== Fax (email ---> fax) 
remote-printer.<user's_name>[/organisation]@<#.x.a.f.> message:
mail    mail
example: remote-printer.Jeremy_Smith/
(fax # +1(503) 757-0028 in reverse separated by dots, _ = space, / =  newline) (fax --> email, $39/year+$1/page) (Antigone Press - faxlinq)

=== Compuserve                               (even parity, 7 bits, 1 stop bit)  login: compuserve       (connection uses tymnet) login: TO_CSERVE HostName: compuserve

=== World News              (NASA news, shuttle schedules & satellite updates)    login: info

=== Education
   login: suinfo  (tn3270 emulation required) (ERIC)

=== Disabilities (disability-related files and programs)

=== EFF  (Electronic Frontier Foundation)
               mail message: index eff(access by email) 70                            (access by gopher) 210                               (access by wais)
      pub/ (net policy papers)           (access via ftp)

=== Whitehouse ( message: subscribe wh-summary

=== UFO stuff info/paranet/  (InfoPara(Net) & Abduction)

                            Internet Reference
White Pages                                                    (find somebody) pub/whois/whois-servers.list (list of whois servers)   login: netfind  (Netfind User Lookup) pub/docs/finding-addresses (find email addresses) 185 (type in real/login name of person, Knowbot) 185                                    (Knowbot)   login: fred (front end to the directory) mail message: whois name
usenet: comp.mail.misc FAQ: How to find people's email addresses

=== archie      (all these sites, login: archie)       (find files & software)           (Rutger's University, New Jersey)              (SURAnet, College Park, Maryland)                                      (Finland)                                (UK/Ireland)      (University of Nebraska, Lincoln Nebraska)                                        (New Zealand)                                        (Sweden)                              (Japan)                               (Germany)                                        (New Zealand)                                        (Sweden)                                  (Austria)             (original archie site, Canada)                                      (Japan)                                          (Australia)                           (Austria)                                     (Taiwan)              (Imperial College, London UK)                                     (Portugal) pub/   (great archie docs)                                 (ANS, New York)                                    (Korea)                                     (AT&T)
example: mail message: prog <software_name>

=== DNS --> IP# 
mail message: site    (returns IP#)

=== Usenet      type rn, trn or nn    (see below under notes for more details) pub/usenet/news.announce.newusers/List_of_Active_New* 119              (post to usenet <> via telnet) 119 (post to usenet <> via telnet) 119 (post to <> via telnet) 119     (post to <> via telnet)
mail <news-group>        (post to usenet <news-group> via email)
mail <news-group>         (post to usenet <news-group> via email)

=== ftp pub/ftp-list/ftp.list (anotated list ftp sites)   pub/nic/guides     (help on email, ftp, telnet) pub/ftplist/ftplist (annotated list of all ftp sites)

=== RFC  (Request For Comments - all the Internet specs) rfc/rfc-index.txt rfc/rfcnnnn.{ps|txt} (nnnn < 1432)

=== BBS files/bbs_lists/nal006.txt (internet BBS list)

                              Internet Access
                (See also `freenets' in General Fun, above)

=== Subscriber services - see PDIAL (below) for complete list     (net acce$$)
vox:(800) 848-8199                                 (compuserve packet network)
(800) 877-2006 n81 vox:(800) 736-1130                             (PC pursuit) telnet Which host? help(michnet) vox:(703) 620-6651 (psi-world-dial)  vox: (703) 620-6651  (psilink) vox:(408) 973-9111  725-0561 login:info (portal) info/  (510) 704-1058 2400n81         (holonet) world-info/description 617-739-WRLD (world) login:JOINDELPHI passwd:INTERNETSIG (delphi) pub/  (415) 322-0284 n81 login:new     (IGC) vox: (408) 544-8649                    (netcom)  cerfnet/dial-n-cerf/ (dial 'n-cerf)  vox: (415) 332-4335                   (well) login:newuser  vox: (212) 877-4854      (PANIX) vox: (703) 243-6622          (The Meta Network TMN)

=== PDIAL & other internet access lists  (Public Dial-up Internet Access List) pub/pubnet/nixpub.[long|short]        (nixpub) pub/net/PDIAL message: send PDIAL infosource/getting-started/getting-connected/

=== Mail servers, internet by email (See `remote ftp' in Notes, below) message: get README.ftp         (DECwrl) message: help        (USENET archives) (@PUCC.Bitnet) message: help (Bitftp) message: get pdget help message: get pdget help message: help ((France) Europe only) message: help message: help       ((Poland) Europe only) message: send HELP (bitftp@dearn.bitnet) message: help  (Germany)

                        Internet (Resource) Guides
            (catalog of catalogs, directory of directories,
         index to indices, list of lists, pointers to pointers)

=== Zen and the Art of the Internet (GET! -A beginner's Guide to the Internet) pub/zen/zen-1.0.{PS|tar.Z} introducing.the.internet/zen.txt (ascii version)

=== Big Dummy's Guide to the Internet    pub/Eff/papers/bdummy.txt

=== The Incomplete internet Guide   

=== The Internet Companion (with foreword by Al Gore)
192.74.1137.5 OBS/The.Internet.Companion/The.Internet.Companion*

=== NWnet resource Guide                                  (very comprehensive) nic/nwnet/user-guide

=== SURAnet Internet Resource Guide ( (catalog of catalogs)  pub/nic/infoguide.{m-dd}.txt    (updated weekly)  pub/nic/network.service.guides (ftp, telnet, vi) internet/resources/library_catalog/library-catalog-0

=== Non-electronic reference
The Internet Complete Reference, by Harley Hahn &al   1994 Osborne McGraw-Hill
The Whole Internet Catalog & User's Guide, by Ed Krol.  1992 O'Reilly & Assoc.

=== Internet Resource Guide pub/internet/sites/ resource-guide/

=== Interactive Resource Guide, white, yellow pages (Directory of Directories) login: archie pub/help message: help

=== lists of internet services finger pub/      (Yanoff)
     pub/bigfun/bigfun.{ps|txt}                          (pointer to pointers) pub/communications/internet-cmc (        (CMC)
   (see also Resource Catalog at the end of Ed Krol's The Whole Internet 1992)

=== MaasInfo ARTICLES/MAAS/MAASINFO.TOPINDEX   (index of indices)

=== Dr Chaos (I have a Master's Degree)  (fun views of internet computer news) pub/ccv0[1|2].ps pub/gif/tims.gif
mail  (get on Chaos Corner mailing list)

=== listserver list                                            (List of lists)    netinfo/interest-groups
mail message: send netinfo/interest-groups
mail message: list global
mail listserv@bitnic.bitnet message: list global
mail                             (music list of lists)

=== Interactive menu of resources telnet                     (information databases)     login: dftnic   (online aid - Nicolas)

=== CNI Coalition for Networked Information (Craig A Summerhill message: subscribe cni-directories first_nam last_name

=== listserver resource guide
mail listserv@arizum1 message: get listservguide

=== Bibliography of computer communications materials libsoft/ message: send netstart info
     comserve@rpiecs.bitnet message send compunet biblio

=== Directory of Electronic Journals and Newsletters
mail listserv@uottawa message: get ejourn{11|12} directory
mail listserv@kentvm message: get acadlist file*

                  wais www gopher prospero mime veronica

=== wais (a multi format finding system)        (wide area information server)     login: wais pub/wais/UNC/DOS wais 1.02 for DOS libsoft/wais_servers.txt    (list of wais servers)

=== www (a hyper text system)                                 (world wide web) pub/WWW/

=== gopher (a browsing oriented system for mousing around the internet) login: gopher       login: gopher       login: gopher        login: gopher login: gopher        login: gopher pub/gopher               (gopher sources)

=== prospero (a front end to archie)
mail pub/prospero.tar.Z

=== mime (email sound, graphics, docs) (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) rfc/rfc1341.{ps|txt}           (MIME specification)

=== veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives
To try Veronica, select it from the "Other Gophers" menu on Minnesota's gopher
 server, or point your gopher at:

Name=Veronica Type=1 Port=70 Path=1/Veronica

=== User help                                  (Bitnet for the Complete Idiot)
mail (@bitnic.bitnet) message: get bitnet user help

=== Interbit                          (to get internet address of bitnet node)
mail message: whois sitename

                             Books & Documents
=== Almanac  email message: send catalog send guide

=== Book Reviews CARL, item 60 telnet 625 (or login: ioplus) (journal bibliography)

=== Net Maps     pub/maps/{a4|letter}/*.ps       (world) maps/                                  (Michnet)  maps/*.ps                (national & regional US)   pub/maps              (SURAnet - east coast US) maps/                             (world) /nic/pub/netinfo/maps
usenet:comp.mail.maps-ps           (net maps, postscript files posted monthly)

=== FAQs (answers to Frequently Asked Questions) pub/usenet/<>/<faq_file>

=== Project Gutenberg        (classics freely available) etext/ pub/docs/books/            (includes Quran, Koran)

=== Online Book Initiative obi/ (freely available classics, books and papers)

=== The jargon file (The New Hackers Dictionary) pub/jargon/jargon.2.9.10

=== Dante                      (All of Dante's and Shakespeare's works on line) login: connect dante

=== Shakespeare 24 histories 17 comedies 10 tragedies login: select file pub/etext/shakespeare/ 

=== U.S Constitution doc/USconstitution.Z

=== Journals and Artworld    login: lewsnts
mail message: send ejournal{1|2}.sources

=== Zipcodes database pub/ lookup.exe

=== lyrics, music pub/music/lyrics/files/ pub/music   pub/lyrics pub/lyrics

=== PostScript       (PostScript language specification files, news, programs)
mail message: help

=== Random other book stuff login: nicol(electronic publishing service - Nicol) nutshell (Info about O'Reilly's Nutshell books, guides)

=== Images from Space and scads of other space related info        (Voyager &) pub/SPACE/CDROM{|2}       (Magellan missions)
     pub/SPACE/SOFTWARE/  (PC viewer for space images) gifs/space/orien.gif pub/soviet.archive (text and .gifs of soviet docs) login: photos passwd: photos  (from shuttle)

=== gif archives sites pub/academic/computer-science/virtual-reality/3d

=== Otis The Operative Term Is Stimulate    ( projects/stmulate(art distribution collective) pub/multimedia/pictures/OTIS

=== 3D pub/listserv/photo-3d/ pub/objects              (3d objects)

=== The Archives (world's largest BBS,  Exec-PC files mirrored)     message: send index                (NetLib) (Saint Louis)  (includes Simtel20 & PCBlue) login: iscabbs(much public domain software) message: send index                (NetLib) (Detroit, MI)                (mirrors Simtel20)

=== Random files and software     /contrib/xtroff.tar.Z    (troff previewer) pub/gnu/ghostscript-2.5.2.tar.Z      (PostScript) pub/ucblogo.*                    (Logo) kermit/bin                        (Kermit)     pub/pc/win3/games/ pub/src/pbmplus.tar.Z (unix graphic --> fax) pub/packet-drivers/ (PC ethernet) pub/crack-4.1.tar.Z  (password checking program) doc/pcnet/compression     (compression programs) pub/text/  (Rocket Roger, Toxic Custard Workshop)
 mirrors/msdos/graphics/           (PC gif/jpeg graphic converter)
 mirrors/msdos/modem/     (run multiple remote unix shells from PC)
 mirrors/msdos/zoo/zoo210.exe                 (latest zoo compression program)
 mirrors/msdos/graphics/              (fractal generating program)
 mirrors/msdos/sound/ (play mac sounds on PC)
 mirrors/msdos/compress/             ([un]compress .Z files on PC)
 mirrors/msdos/filutl/pdtar.arc                     ([un]tar .tar files on PC)
 mirrors/msdos/txtutl/                    (PC fortune cookie program) systems/ibmpc/msdos/simtel20/gif/    (cshow)
mail  (Borland price lists, maintenance upgrades)

=== Free Software Foundation message: send info

=== League for Programming Freedom pub/lpf

=== Graphics pub/incoming/mpeg2_0/ (win 3.1)         (MPEG viewers) gopher Search & Retrieve Software/Graphics

                               Library stuff
=== Library of Congress telnet pub/LC.Online (Lib of Congress) telnet  (eg: t=Dr. Fegg, find identity of Uncle Bert |-)

=== CARL Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries (access to library databases)

=== Melvyl                                       (access to library databases) telnet telnet

=== bibliography database                                      (find journals) telnet 

=== library software libsoft/

=== library catalogs        (Internet Accessible Library Catalogs & Databases) login: LIBS  (FLASH! a searchable online catalog) cerfnet/cerfnet_info/internet-catalogs-mm-yy (get!) library/internet.library

=== online libraries and accessing online bibliographic databases library/libraries.{txt|ps|wp5|adr|contacts}  (get me!) pub/internet/libcat-guide       (libraries access) telnet          (Network Library System - NLS)           (Readers Guide to periodical literature) login: bbs  (UNC BBS; access to nations libraries)

=== Law  login: lawlib     pub/lawlib  (law library)  pub/law

                            Handheld Computers
=== palmtop sites: (Usenet: comp.sys.palmtops faq:     distrib/hp95lx/                      (HP 95)                               (sharp wizard) pub/fin (freyja memutil HP calcs)    (HP 95)  pub/Psion               (Poqet Psion II OPL) (Atari PoFo)  public/packages/psion                (Psion)
mail message: send {help|index|newsletter} (AgendA)
+44 0271-24458 AgendA BBS                                             (AgendA)

=== handheld sites (can also telnet hpcvbbs login: new)   pub/   pub/readme login: newuser   pub/ new_uploads/        pub/archive/comp.sources.hp48/index systems/hp/hp48     new/hp48sx  telnet DIAL: me16125                              (Iowa State) hp48/    hp48/mirrors/   pub/hp48             (mirror of seq.uncwil)    pub/hpcalc/hp28   comp.sys.handhelds, hp-28  hp28/
(206) 881-0395 RPN (Really Pluvial Node)       (48/95)
(414) 362-3592 Milwaukee HP48BBS 9600n81 noon sat-7am mon, 6pm-7am weekdays
(416) 968-6633 Raiders of Lost Arg 38400n81  (48/95)
(517) 886-0836 Dan's BBS Extravaganza 2400n81
(617) 487-6947 HP BBS Edmonton
(708) 304-0666 Nybble's Byte 10pm-7pm m-f 10pm-noon s-s    (28/42/48/71/75/95)
(801) 756-0905 '48 Files BBS
      (which is how to use (this section (this file (the internet))))

=== Key
111.222.333.444 port#     login: login_name   (telnet)
111.222.333.444 directory/files_of_interest      (ftp)
111.222.333.444     server@site(server@site.Bitnet)   message: commands (mail)
111.222.333.444    finger              (finger)
111.222.333.444    gopher              (gopher)
(area code) phone number settings BBS_name                       (dial-up BBS)

111.222.333.444     is the IP number (Internet Protocol). is the DNS name corresponding to the IP number.
port# is a port number (1-5 digits), which is required if shown, for telnet
access (see below).

The entries are compressed as much as possible.  In the following example you
can finger as well as ftp to
access <files_of_interest>:

111.222.333.444 finger directory/files_of_interest

=== telnet
telnet allows you to log in to a remote machine as if you are connected to a
directly attached terminal.  Allows realtime interactive sessions, browsing
through information, not usually file transfers unless kermit or some such is

From your terminal prompt type (<port#> is required if given):

     telnet [port#]

At the login prompt put <login_name> (it is not given if none is required):

     login: login_name

Some sites must be logged into from an actual internet node rather than
something connected to one (like a PC connected with a SLIP link to a node).

telneting a port: (site name instead of IP# can be used)
telnet 2000 (this normally works)

=== ftp
ftp allows you to logon to a remote site and list and get (and put) files.

ftp (or ftp IP# if ftp'ing the sitename isn't working)
login: anonymous                       (anonymous is usual public access name)
password: <your_email_address> (sometimes guest)  (not required but preferred)
cd directory                                                    (usually pub/)
cd sub_directory                                      (often self descriptive)
get README |more  (more's README to your screen without actually getting file)
type binary                                                        (see below)
get file_of_interest                               (download file_of_interest)

To switch to binary mode for file transfers type at the ftp prompt:

     bi                   (shortcut)
     binary               (often works)
     type binary          (usually works)
     set file type binary (kermit format, sometimes works)
     tenex                (if remote host is vax)

Success is indicated by a message saying:

     set to type I

or some such.  During file transfer the mode (ASCII, binary ) is usually
indicated.  Some ftp sites perform automatic switching between modes.

=== remote ftp - Bitftp
Mail the following ftp script file to Bitftp@PUCC (Bitnet)
or (Internet):

     help                                        (to get the bitftp help file)
     ftp site.domain uuencode
     user anonymous
     <more commands>                           (eg. binary, ls, get file_name)

=== remote ftp - DECwrl
Mail the following ftp script file to

     connect                  (defaults to
     get README.ftp                            (the help file
     <more commands>            (eg. chdir <dir>, binary, ls, get <file_name>)

=== mail
mail site means send a mail message to that site 
with the message indicated on the first line, put each option on a new line 
(subject: don't care, unless indicated).  They usually take only a few minutes
to respond, and if you err they'll send messages explaining the problem, so 
you can `chat' to them.

Subject: don't care (usually not read, or read as if it's part of the message)
help                            (usual for getting general help for that site)
send <file>                     (get the file; generic files are help & index)
quit                                (sometimes used to end a mail transaction)

=== finger
finger displays a file (hopefully of some useful 
information) that <person> has made available.

=== gopher
gopher to show a menu of resources available at that site.
Many gopher sites include access to other gopher sites all over the net.  If 
gopher is not available at your site get one, or you can telnet a gopher 
client (see above, and Yanoff's list for a full list).

=== Usenet
usenet:newsgroup indicates the newsgroup readable on usenet news.

Usenet is the global news service that runs on many internet and other sites.
Mail is posted by you and me to specific newsgroups, and is read everywhere 
in the world where that newsgroup is fed.  See news.announce.newusers for a 
list of all the newsgroups (and a dozen 10-page articles about usenet).

On unix boxes newsreaders are invoked with a command like nn (No News), rn 
(read news), trn (threaded read news), or other such incantations.  On other 
systems, who knows?  Many folks can't access news directly, but can get on 
mailing lists often provided for this contingency.  Get the list of lists to 
see the mailing groups, and be aware of bitftp (Bitnet users) or decwrl 
(others) if you can't ftp directly (see both above).

=== Glossary
.gif gif (graphic interchange format) are encoded pictures

.ps  postscript file preformatted for postscript printers and viewable on all 
     platforms with various viewers (pageview on sun, ghostscript on any 

.tar unix tape archive format.  To tar files on a PC get pdtar.arc from wustl 
     (see under random files above).  To tar a bunch of file into file.tar:

            tar cvf file.tar file1 file2 file3  

     to untar the files:

            tar xvf file.tar  (tvf instead of xvf to just see the contents)

     On unix, filenames may contain numerous extensions. uncompress file.tar.Z
     to generate file.tar, then untar file.tar to get the contents.

.Z   unix compression.  To compress on a PC get from wustl.  To 
     compress a file type:

            compress file                                   (generates file.Z)

     To uncompress a file.Z type:

            uncompress file.Z                               (regenerates file)

.*   wildcard, means .whatever

{options}: nixpub.{short|long} means nixpub.short or nixpub.long

=== Feedback (what would make this file more useful to you?)
This compendium has been growing over a few years of internet travelling, and 
has been posted on the net every 6 months or so since Summer 1992.  It 
represents the minimum amount of information of the happy net wanderer.  It 
consists of sites of interest to me (which is why there is a section on 
handheld computers), and hence includes sites of direct relevance to exploring
the net.  I have tried all sites listed, but some not so recently.

These usage notes are little more than an introduction or refresher for the 
less frequent traveller.  Sites such as SURAnet have great help files, as do 
some of the books (see Internet Resource Guides above).

I also highly recommend getting Scott Yanoff's internet services list (see 
above under Internet (Resource) Guides).

Another file I have been culturing for some years is Gateways, Keys to the 
Matrix, (above) which is a good adjunct to this file.  Also see John Chew's 
internetworking guide (above).

Sites do change their contents, services, and locations.  I welcome any 
additions, corrections, deletions, reorganizations, and suggestions @:     Jeremy |-) Smith               December 3, 1993