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/// Aminet hits 5000 files
    ----------------------
    Reprinted from Comp.Sys.Amiga.Announce


Today, September 24 1993, 20 months after its foundation, Aminet has hit
a total number of 5000 online files. I'll seize that opportunity to talk
about how Aminet became what it is today, give you a few statistics about
current usage and size, provide some outlooks and finally thank the many
people involved in the creation of Aminet.


THE HISTORY
-----------

What would you expect to become of a software archive that is run on a
borrowed 25 MHz 68030 computer at the end of the world (ie.  Switzerland)
with only 50MB of harddisk space available for uploads?  A giant flop, of
course.  Well, this is how Aminet started.  How can it be that it didn't
just die before anyone ever heard of it?

The secret is that it's not just any archive, but an Amiga archive.  And
Amiga users are unlike the users of any other computer in the world.  In fact
it is the user community that keeps the Amiga alive and kicking now that it
has lost the technological lead it once had.  And it was the user community
that made that tiny little archive one of the biggest success stories on the
history of Internet.

When in January 92 I took over the small archive that the local students'
club (ICU) ran on a computer donated by Commodore Switzerland, I saw that
40 users logged in per day. I was impressed. Hey, that was happening
unnoticed while we were using that computer for mail, news and FTP. But
hell, 40 users a day are 280 per week, that's quite an audience, worth
taking some effort.

So I wrote the .readme collector, still the one thing that defines our
archive.  It generated the RECENT and SHORT file every night. And amazingly
many uploaders took the extra work of writing the special .readme files
needed to generate those file lists.  Slowly, the site started getting
popular.  Then, in April, came the ab20 shutdown.  People were desperate to
get a replacement, and many turned to amiga.physik.  Too many in fact.  We
had to install a user limit. And 50MB of disk space may have been appropriate
for a small unknown site in Switzerland, but for taking over all traffic
the job from the 250MB ab20 which had ruled Amiga FTP before?

This could have been the quick death of a promising archive since the
majority of users would have had to use another.  But not on the Amiga.
I asked my friends on the #amiga channel of IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
whether they had the resources to run a mirror of our site.  One of them had:
Peter Sjostrom.  First of May 92 was the moment when amiga.physik became
Aminet, a collection if interconnected FTP sites. I wrote some mirroring
scripts that allowed very frequent updates and forwarded uploads made to
his site in Sweden, making the two sites nearly equivalent.

This helped with our bandwidth problem, but the hard disk space was still too
small; we had to throw away files all the time to make room for new ones.  We
had no money for a bigger disk.  But we had the user community.  I placed a
message in the login text, and within a month we had enough cash for a 1.5G
harddisk Mike Schwartz cheaply bought for us in the USA.  Half of that money
came from Walnut Creek Inc., the company that had made the ab20 CDROM.  Quite
a courageous step back then, nobody knew what would become of Aminet.

Still, far more people wanted to log into amiga.physik than could, but more
and more people started mirroring our site, even if they only could afford to
keep the most recent 50MB online.  That finally brought Aminet on the road to
success.  More downloads created more uploads, which created more downloads
and so on. Breakthrough.

With the increased number of uploads, my workload got bigger and bigger, but
I got help from Chris Schneider when I needed it. Aminet started running
smoothly for quite a while.  Then came the catastrophe:  Because of the
significant traffic our site created alone, we were ordered by the university
to shut down the archive at amiga.physik in June 93.  Fortunately, Chris
Myers from wuarchive offered me an account and enough disk space so I could
move the Aminet main site there.  Isn't the Net a wonderful thing?  Now we
can easily administer an archive 6000 miles away from our home country.

Just recently the A3000UX that used to be amiga.physik found a new home at
EUnet, where it is now available to general public again, but only as a
mirror this time.

This is what happened so far, it's the violent history of the first 5000
uploads.  In a way I'm glad we can expect the next 5000 to be a lot less
exciting :)



THE PRESENT
-----------

Daily users:

  amiga.physik 1992:    40
  wuarchive today  :  1866
  Aminet today     : 10000 (estimated)



Monthly downloads in thousands (wuarchive only):

  1992                             1993
  May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug
  --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---  --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
    2  15  14   5  16  20  37  44   48  25  36  45  49  33 204 280

  Bytes downloaded in August 93: 25G



Monthly uploads (files):

 1992             1993
 Sep Oct Nov Dec  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep
 --- --- --- ---  --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  98 188 181 137  235 396 609 389 431 287 333 419 502



Subdir size in megabytes: (total: 883M)

  biz comm demo dev disk fish game gfx misc mods mus os20 os30 pix text util
  --- ---- ---- --- ---- ---- ---- --- ---- ---- --- ---- ---- --- ---- ----
   26   38  154  42    3   54   63 103   36  128  30   10    3  66   44   44



Number of files at each mirror

  Mirror               Files
  ------               -----
  ftp.wustl.edu        5029
  ftp.cdrom.com        5021
  ftp.luth.se          5019
  src.doc.ic.ac.uk     5019
  ftp.etsu.edu         4939
  ftp.eunet.ch         4457
  ftp.th-darmstadt.de  3889
  ftp.cs.tu-berlin.de  3643
  ftp.uni-oldenburg.de 1605
  ftp.uni-kl.de        1218
  litamiga.epfl.ch     1020
  ftp.uni-paderborn.de  916




THE FUTURE
----------

There's a few things still coming up:

  - Find servers. No need to log into some FTP site and download the
    index file in order to find out where a specific file is. Some kind
    of Aminet-archie.

  - ADT 2.0. This is going to be a very easy-to-compile, easy-to-use
    frontend to Aminet. O plan to strongly encourage its use once it
    is finished. It will also include AmigaDOS, mail server and find
    server support.

  - Unification with the Fish series. Fred and I are currently talking
    about merging our two series,

  - More BBS accesses for users of the CD-ROM without net access who
    would like to contribute.



CREDITS
-------

There is a lot of people I have to thank, and I hope I don't forget anyone.
I'd like to thank

The uploaders    for writing freely distributable software and taking the
                 pain write readmes and to upload them

The downloaders  for restricting themselves from using the main site, which
                 helped a lot during the amiga.physik time

The mirror adms  for taking most of the load from amiga.physik and keeping
                 Internet traffic local thereby.

The donors       for donating about $900, saving Aminet from an early
                 death

Walnut Creek Inc for paying another $800, and making available the CD so
                 cheaply, and giving free CD's to uploaders.

Chris Schneider  for doing much of the moderation work, writing the virus-
                 checking LhA and the search-server (coming soon).

Peter Sjostrom   for running the very first mirror

Brian Wright     for running the first US mirror

C= Switzerland   for donating the A3000 that used to be amiga.physik

Mike Schwartz    for buying the HD for us

Markus Wild      for improving the amiga.physik ftpd

Chris Myers      for offering to move amiga.physik to wuarchive

Martin Blatter   for installing and administering amiga.physik

Our university   for supplying internet access for the site

EUnet            for giving amiga.physik a new home




I hope you liked the service so far, and if you have any comments, wishes or
ideas, feel free to contact me.  Watch this space for the 10'000 file posting
an estimated one year from now!


 Urban D. Mueller  umueller@amiga.icu.net.ch  umueller@wuarchive.wustl.edu
         "Tiresomely neat." (Douglas Adams about Switzerland)